China is seeking to improve educational quality and increase access across the country. A well-educated Chinese workforce can bolster China’s technological and scientific development and thus strengthen the country’s position in an increasingly innovation-based global economy.
Since late 2012, Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption campaign has targeted widespread graft in Chinese officialdom. Deeply rooted corruption in China contributes to income inequality and compromises the legitimacy of the Communist Party.
China’s growing global influence, economic growth and social development suggest that to some it might be considered a developed country. Yet, certain economic indicators demonstrate China is still in the process of developing.
Significant demographic shifts present two social challenges for China: a reduced Chinese working force supporting its widespread industrial bases, and new social issues pertaining to its pronounced gender imbalance and insufficient senior care.
Air-quality concerns affect China both at home and abroad. Domestic demands on environmental protections have influenced the government’s social and economic policies, while hazardous air pollution has harmed the country’s international image.
Although China’s economic transformation has generated considerable public resources, and its leaders have in recent decades dramatically improved domestic health conditions, the country still faces challenges in terms of improving health outcomes.