China rare earths
Economics / Technology

Does China Pose a Threat to Global Rare Earth Supply Chains?

China has established itself as the dominant global supplier of rare earths, a group of 17 minerals that are crucial to countless advanced technologies. China’s capacity to disrupt global rare earth supply chains has raised alarm bells in several major countries, but Beijing’s influence within the industry is likely to be eroded in the coming years.

China water security
Social

How Does Water Security Affect China’s Development?

Ongoing economic modernization has expanded access to safe drinking water for hundreds of millions of people in China, but it has also severely polluted and taxed the country’s water resources. Leaders in Beijing have taken steps to address water security threats, but considerable obstacles persist.

Military

How is China Modernizing its Nuclear Forces?

China is one of only nine countries that possess nuclear weapons. Although its nuclear arsenal is small relative to those of the United States and Russia, China is currently expanding and modernizing its nuclear forces. As China faces evolving security challenges, Beijing may also revise its primarily defensive nuclear strategy.