BIS Triennial Central Bank Survey, 2001-2019

Source: Bank for International Settlements

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Triennial Central Bank Survey reports activity within the global foreign exchange market every three years. Data is collected during the month of April.

In 2019, the US dollar was traded 20 times more than the renminbi within the global foreign exchange market. View

The renminbi’s share of daily foreign exchange trading grew from effectively zero in 2001 to 4.3 percent in 2019. View

In 2019, China was the world’s top trader and second-largest economy, but the renminbi was only the eighth most traded currency. View