“Global cities” serve as critical nodes within the international economy. As China has rapidly developed in recent decades, historically prominent Chinese cities such as Beijing and Shanghai have grown in international influence, and new global cities like Shenzhen have emerged as key players in global commerce.
The world economy is shaped not just by states, but also by an assortment of influential companies that act as critical elements of national economic power. In conjunction with China’s emergence as an economic superpower, Chinese companies have climbed the ranks to be among the largest in the world.
Global leaders in innovation produce the discoveries that shape the modern world. An economy’s capacity to innovate is dependent on a variety of factors, including its commitment to research and development, the quality of its workforce, and the effectiveness of government institutions.
R&D is the backbone of innovation. It supports the development of new scientific methods, technologies, and commercial goods – all of which can boost economic productivity and raise living standards. After decades of export-led growth, China is increasingly turning to innovation as a driver for its economy.