China is the world’s second largest arms producer, but the ability of its arms industry to domestically develop certain advanced weapon systems is still growing. If China can successfully strengthen its defense industry, it can reduce its reliance on foreign technologies and establish itself as a global leader in cutting-edge military capabilities.
In this episode, Dr. Roslyn Layton and Dr. James Lewis discuss how to control the proliferation of technologies for military use with a special focus on China. Our guests explain the history of US export policy regarding advanced technology, noting the delicate balance between opportunities for private enterprise and the needs of national security. Dr. Layton and Dr. Lewis describe the Wassenar Agreement and its impact on current US advanced technology exports to China. They also analyze China’s actions in retaliation to international technology export restrictions. Lastly, our guests evaluate how the Trump administration has acted in its approach to China and recommend actions the incoming Biden administration should take.
In this episode, Emily de La Bruyère joins us to discuss China’s push to set international technical standards for the next generation of emerging technologies. Ms. de La Bruyère explains Beijing’s motives behind its China Standards 2035 plan, as well as the major industries and technologies that stand to be most affected by it. She also discusses how the plan relates to other policies and initiatives like Made in China 2025 and Military-Civil Fusion. Finally, she explains the potential risks posed by China’s standard-setting agenda, and how the US and other countries should respond to China’s push to dominate standard-setting in emerging high technologies.
In this episode, Greg Levesque joins us to discuss China’s Military-Civil Fusion (MCF) program. Mr. Levesque explains the central role of MCF in the Chinese Communist Party’s strategy to make China a world-class military power by 2049, and details the steps Beijing has taken thus far in integrating the military and civil sectors. He also highlights some of the challenges that China faces in its efforts to implement MCF. Finally, Mr. Levesque describes how MCF may pose a threat to US interests and offers recommendations for how the US and its allies can effectively respond.